As Amended by House Committee
Session of 1999
By Committee on Federal and State Affairs

11             AN  ACT concerning the regulation and application of state and local
12             laws, rules, regulations and ordinances to sport shooting ranges; pro-
13             viding civil immunity to persons who operate or use such ranges.
15       Be it enacted by the Legislature of the State of Kansas:
16             Section  1. As used in this act:
17             (a) ``Generally accepted operation practice'' means those safety prac-
18       tices adopted, pursuant to rules and regulations, by the Kansas de-
19       partment of wildlife and parks and established by a nationally recog-
20       nized nonprofit membership organization that provides voluntary
21       firearms safety programs which include training individuals in the safe
22       handling and use of firearms and which practices are developed with
23       consideration of all information reasonably available regarding the oper-
24       ation of shooting ranges.
25             (b) ``Local unit of government'' means a county, city, township or any
26       other political subdivision of the state, or any agency, authority, institution
27       or instrumentality thereof.
28             (c) ``Person'' means an individual, proprietorship, partnership, cor-
29       poration, club, governmental entity or other legal entity.
30             (d) ``Sport shooting range'' or ``range'' means an area designed and
31       operated for the use of archery, rifles, shotguns, pistols, semiautomatic
32       firearms, skeet, trap, black powder or any other similar sport shooting.
33             Sec.  2. (a) Notwithstanding any other provisions of law, and in ad-
34       dition to other protections provided in this act, a person who owns, op-
35       erates, manages or uses a sport shooting range that conforms to generally
36       accepted operation practices in the state is not subject to civil liability or
37       criminal prosecution in any matter relating to noise or noise pollution
38       resulting from the operation or use of the range if the range is in com-
39       pliance with any noise control laws or ordinances or resolutions that
40       applied to the range and its operation at the time of construction and
41       initial operation of the range.
42             (b) In addition to any civil protection provided by the act, a person
43       who owns, operates, manages or uses a sport shooting range that conforms


  1       to generally accepted operation practices is not subject to an action for
  2       nuisance, and a court of the state shall not enjoin or restrain the use or
  3       operation of a range on the basis of noise or noise pollution, if the range
  4       is in compliance with any noise control laws or ordinances or resolutions
  5       that applied to the range and its operation at the time of construction or
  6       initial operation of the range.
  7             (c) Rules or regulations adopted by any state department or agency
  8       for limiting levels of noise in terms of decibel level which may occur in
  9       the outdoor atmosphere do not apply to a sport shooting range immune
10       from liability under this act. However, this subsection does not constrict
11       the application of any provision of generally accepted operation practices.
12             (d) A person who acquires title to real property adversely affected by
13       the use of property with a permanently located and improved sport shoot-
14       ing range constructed and initially operated prior to the time the person
15       acquires title shall not maintain a nuisance action on the basis of noise or
16       noise pollution or based upon known or inherent dangers against the
17       person who owns, operates or uses the range to restrain, enjoin, or impede
18       the use of the range. This section does not prohibit actions for negligence
19       or recklessness in the operation of the range.
20             Sec.  3. (a) A sport shooting range that is operated and is not in vio-
21       lation of state law at the time of the enactment of an ordinance or res-
22       olution shall be permitted to continue in operation even if the operation
23       of the sport shooting range at a later date does not conform to the new
24       ordinance or resolution or amendment to an existing ordinance or
25       resolution.
26             (b) A sport shooting range that is in existence as of the effective date
27       of this act and operates in compliance with generally accepted operation
28       practices, even if not in compliance with an ordinance or resolution of
29       a local unit of government, shall be permitted to do all of the following
30       within its preexisting geographic boundaries if in compliance with gen-
31       erally accepted operation practices:
32             (1) Repair, remodel or reinforce any improvement or facilities or
33       building or structure as may be necessary in the interest of public safety
34       or to secure the continued use of the building or improvement;
35             (2) reconstruct, repair, rebuild or resume the use of a facility or build-
36       ing damaged by fire, collapse, explosion, act of God or act of war occurring
37       after the effective date of this act. The reconstruction, repair or restora-
38       tion shall be completed within one year following the date of the damage
39       or settlement of any property damage claim. If reconstruction, repair or
40       restoration is not completed within one year as provided in this subsec-
41       tion, such reconstruction, repair or restoration may be terminated in the
42       discretion of the local unit of government; or
43             (3) do anything authorized under generally accepted operation prac-


  1       tices, including, but not limited to:
  2             (A) Expand or enhance its membership or opportunities for public
  3       participation; and
  4             (B) reasonably expand or increase facilities or activities.
  5             Sec  4. (a) Except as otherwise provided, the provisions of this act
  6       shall not prohibit a local unit of government from regulating the location
  7       and construction of a sport shooting range.
  8             (b) No person or governmental entity may take title to property which
  9       has a permanently located and improved sport shooting range, by con-
10       demnation, eminent domain or similar process when the proposed use of
11       said property would be for shooting related activities or recreational ac-
12       tivities or for private or commercial development. However, this provision
13       does not limit governmental exercise of imminent domain or easement
14       necessary for infrastructure additions or improvements, such as highways,
15       waterways or utilities.
16        Sec.  5. The secretary of the Kansas department of wildlife and
17       parks is hereby authorized to adopt rules and regulations neces-
18       sary to implement the provisions of this act. Rules and regulations
19       establishing generally accepted operation practices shall be
20       adopted and be in effect on or before January 1, 2001.
21        Sec.  5. 6. This act shall take effect and be in force from and after its
22       publication in the Kansas register.