Session of 2000
By Committee on Governmental Organization and Elections

  9             AN  ACT concerning municipalities; relating to the powers and duties of
10             the governing bodies thereof; amending K.S.A. 1999 Supp. 75-6104
11             and repealing the existing section.
13       Be it enacted by the Legislature of the State of Kansas:
14             New Section  1. (a) As used in this section:
15             (1) "Municipality" means any county.
16             (2) "Computer software" means and includes any program or routine,
17       or any set of one or more programs or routines, which are used or in-
18       tended for use to cause one or more computers or pieces of computer
19       related peripheral equipment, or any combination thereof, to perform a
20       task or set of tasks. "Computer software" also includes operating and
21       application programs and all related documentation.
22             (b) Any municipality which develops or owns software may:
23             (1) Sell, lease, license, market, or otherwise distribute such computer
24       software for commercial or noncommercial use to any other public or
25       private entity or individual;
26             (2) obtain and hold copyrights or trademarks for such computer soft-
27       ware and may enforce its rights pertaining to such copyrights and trade-
28       marks; and
29             (3) adopt a licensing fee, royalty, or price structure for computer soft-
30       ware based on any factors the municipality considers relevant, including
31       but not limited to:
32             (A) The costs of creating, developing, reproducing, and delivering the
33       computer software;
34             (B) the costs of obtaining and holding a copyright or trademark for
35       such computer software;
36             (C) the costs of overhead and labor; and
37             (D) the fair market value of the computer software.
38             (c) Nothing in this section shall be construed as limiting the duty of
39       the municipality to comply with the requirements of the Kansas open
40       records act.
41             (d) Nothing in this section shall be construed to create an implied
42       warranty against errors, omissions or other defects in any computer soft-
43       ware developed by a municipality.


  1             Sec.  2. K.S.A. 1999 Supp. 75-6104 is hereby amended to read as
  2       follows: 75-6104. A governmental entity or an employee acting within the
  3       scope of the employee's employment shall not be liable for damages re-
  4       sulting from:
  5             (a) Legislative functions, including, but not limited to, the adoption
  6       or failure to adopt any statute, regulation, ordinance or resolution;
  7             (b) judicial function;
  8             (c) enforcement of or failure to enforce a law, whether valid or in-
  9       valid, including, but not limited to, any statute, rule and regulation, or-
10       dinance or resolution;
11             (d) adoption or enforcement of, or failure to adopt or enforce, any
12       written personnel policy which protects persons' health or safety unless
13       a duty of care, independent of such policy, is owed to the specific indi-
14       vidual injured, except that the finder of fact may consider the failure to
15       comply with any written personnel policy in determining the question of
16       negligence;
17             (e) any claim based upon the exercise or performance or the failure
18       to exercise or perform a discretionary function or duty on the part of a
19       governmental entity or employee, whether or not the discretion is abused
20       and regardless of the level of discretion involved;
21             (f) the assessment or collection of taxes or special assessments;
22             (g) any claim by an employee of a governmental entity arising from
23       the tortious conduct of another employee of the same governmental en-
24       tity, if such claim is (1) compensable pursuant to the Kansas workers
25       compensation act or (2) not compensable pursuant to the Kansas workers
26       compensation act because the injured employee was a firemen's relief
27       association member who was exempt from such act pursuant to K.S.A.
28       44-505d, and amendments thereto, at the time the claim arose;
29             (h) the malfunction, destruction or unauthorized removal of any traf-
30       fic or road sign, signal or warning device unless it is not corrected by the
31       governmental entity responsible within a reasonable time after actual or
32       constructive notice of such malfunction, destruction or removal. Nothing
33       herein shall give rise to liability arising from the act or omission of any
34       governmental entity in placing or removing any of the above signs, signals
35       or warning devices when such placement or removal is the result of a
36       discretionary act of the governmental entity;
37             (i) any claim which is limited or barred by any other law or which is
38       for injuries or property damage against an officer, employee or agent
39       where the individual is immune from suit or damages;
40             (j) any claim based upon emergency management activities, except
41       that governmental entities shall be liable for claims to the extent provided
42       in article 9 of chapter 48 of the Kansas Statutes Annotated;
43             (k) the failure to make an inspection, or making an inadequate or


  1       negligent inspection, of any property other than the property of the gov-
  2       ernmental entity, to determine whether the property complies with or
  3       violates any law or rule and regulation or contains a hazard to public
  4       health or safety;
  5             (l) snow or ice conditions or other temporary or natural conditions
  6       on any public way or other public place due to weather conditions, unless
  7       the condition is affirmatively caused by the negligent act of the govern-
  8       mental entity;
  9             (m) the plan or design for the construction of or an improvement to
10       public property, either in its original construction or any improvement
11       thereto, if the plan or design is approved in advance of the construction
12       or improvement by the governing body of the governmental entity or
13       some other body or employee exercising discretionary authority to give
14       such approval and if the plan or design was prepared in conformity with
15       the generally recognized and prevailing standards in existence at the time
16       such plan or design was prepared;
17             (n) failure to provide, or the method of providing, police or fire
18       protection;
19             (o) any claim for injuries resulting from the use of any public property
20       intended or permitted to be used as a park, playground or open area for
21       recreational purposes, unless the governmental entity or an employee
22       thereof is guilty of gross and wanton negligence proximately causing such
23       injury;
24             (p) the natural condition of any unimproved public property of the
25       governmental entity;
26             (q) any claim for injuries resulting from the use or maintenance of a
27       public cemetery owned and operated by a municipality or an abandoned
28       cemetery, title to which has vested in a governmental entity pursuant to
29       K.S.A. 17-1366 through 17-1368, and amendments thereto, unless the
30       governmental entity or an employee thereof is guilty of gross and wanton
31       negligence proximately causing the injury;
32             (r) the existence, in any condition, of a minimum maintenance road,
33       after being properly so declared and signed as provided in K.S.A. 68-
34       5,102, and amendments thereto;
35             (s) any claim for damages arising from the performance of community
36       service work other than damages arising from the operation of a motor
37       vehicle as defined by K.S.A. 40-3103, and amendments thereto;
38             (t) any claim for damages arising from the operation of vending ma-
39       chines authorized pursuant to K.S.A. 68-432 or K.S.A. 75-3343a, and
40       amendments thereto;
41             (u) providing, distributing or selling information from geographic in-
42       formation systems which includes an entire formula, pattern, compilation,
43       program, device, method, technique, process, digital database or system


  1       which electronically records, stores, reproduces and manipulates by com-
  2       puter geographic and factual information which has been developed in-
  3       ternally or provided from other sources and compiled for use by a public
  4       agency, either alone or in cooperation with other public or private entities;
  5       or
  6             (v) any claim arising from providing a juvenile justice program to
  7       juvenile offenders, if such juvenile justice program has contracted with
  8       the commissioner of juvenile justice or with another nonprofit program
  9       that has contracted with the commissioner of juvenile justice.; or
10             (w) any claim arising from the developing, owning, copyrighting,
11       trademarking, selling, leasing, licensing, marketing or otherwise distrib-
12       uting of computer software for commercial or noncommercial use to any
13       other public or private entity or individual pursuant to section 1, and
14       amendments thereto.
15             The enumeration of exceptions to liability in this section shall not be
16       construed to be exclusive nor as legislative intent to waive immunity from
17       liability in the performance or failure to perform any other act or function
18       of a discretionary nature. 
19       Sec.  3. K.S.A. 1999 Supp. 75-6104 is hereby repealed.
20        Sec.  4. This act shall take effect and be in force from and after its
21       publication in the statute book.