Chapter 126


An Act concerning criminal procedure; relating to identification of informants; amending K.S.A. 22-3201 and repealing the existing section.

Be it enacted by the Legislature of the State of Kansas:

Section 1. K.S.A. 22-3201 is hereby amended to read as follows: 22- 3201. (a) Prosecutions in the district court shall be upon complaint, in- dictment or information.

(b) The complaint, information or indictment shall be a plain and concise written statement of the essential facts constituting the crime charged, which complaint, information or indictment, drawn in the lan- guage of the statute, shall be deemed sufficient. The precise time of the commission of an offense need not be stated in the indictment or infor- mation; but it is sufficient if shown to have been within the statute of limitations, except where the time is an indispensable ingredient in the offense. An indictment shall be signed by the presiding juror of the grand jury. An information shall be signed by the county attorney, the attorney general or any legally appointed assistant or deputy of either. A complaint shall be signed by some person with knowledge of the facts. Allegations made in one count may be incorporated by reference in another count. The complaint, information or indictment shall state for each count the official or customary citation of the statute, rule and regulation or other provision of law which the defendant is alleged to have violated. Error in the citation or its omission shall be not ground for dismissal of the com- plaint, information or indictment or for reversal of a conviction if the error or omission did not prejudice the defendant.

(c) When relevant, the complaint, information or indictment shall also allege facts sufficient to constitute a crime or specific crime subca- tegory in the crime seriousness scale.

(d) The court may strike surplusage from the complaint, information or indictment.

(e) The court may permit a complaint or information to be amended at any time before verdict or finding if no additional or different crime is charged and if substantial rights of the defendant are not prejudiced.

(f) When a complaint, information or indictment charges a crime but fails to specify the particulars of the crime sufficiently to enable the de- fendant to prepare a defense the court may, on written motion of the defendant, require the prosecuting attorney to furnish the defendant with a bill of particulars. At the trial the state's evidence shall be confined to the particulars of the bill.

(g) Except as otherwise provided, the prosecuting attorney shall en- dorse the names of all witnesses known to the prosecuting attorney upon the complaint, information and indictment at the time of filing it. Except as otherwise provided, the prosecuting attorney may endorse on it the names of other witnesses that may afterward become known to the pros- ecuting attorney, at times that the court may by rule or otherwise pre- scribe. If any witness is to testify and the prosecuting attorney believes the witness who has provided information is in danger of intimidation or retaliation, the prosecuting attorney may delay identifying such informant witness until such informant witness actually testifies but in no event shall identification of a witness be delayed beyond arraignment without further order of the court after hearing and an opportunity of the defendant to be heard.

Sec. 2. K.S.A. 22-3201 is hereby repealed.

Sec. 3. This act shall take effect and be in force from and after its publication in the statute book.

Approved April 4, 1996.