An Act amending the Kansas automobile injury reparations act; concerning self insurers; amending K.S.A. 1995 Supp. 40-3104 and repealing the existing section.
Be it enacted by the Legislature of the State of Kansas:
Section 1. K.S.A. 1995 Supp. 40-3104 is hereby amended to read as follows: 40-3104. (a) Every owner shall provide motor vehicle liability insurance coverage in accordance with the provisions of this act for every motor vehicle owned by such person, unless such motor vehicle: (1) Is included under an approved self-insurance plan as provided in subsection (f); (2) is used as a driver training motor vehicle, as defined in K.S.A. 72- 5015, and amendments thereto, in an approved driver training course by a school district or an accredited nonpublic school under an agreement with a motor vehicle dealer, and such motor vehicle liability insurance coverage is provided by the school district or accredited nonpublic school; (3) is included under a qualified plan of self-insurance approved by an agency of the state in which such motor vehicle is registered and the form prescribed in subsection (b) of K.S.A. 40-3106, and amendments thereto, has been filed; or (4) is expressly exempted from the provisions of this act.
(b) An owner of an uninsured motor vehicle shall not permit the operation thereof upon a highway or upon property open to use by the public, unless such motor vehicle is expressly exempted from the provi- sions of this act.
(c) No person shall knowingly drive an uninsured motor vehicle upon a highway or upon property open to use by the public, unless such motor vehicle is expressly exempted from the provisions of this act.
(d) Any person operating a motor vehicle upon a highway or upon property open to use by the public shall display, upon demand, evidence of financial security to a law enforcement officer. The law enforcement officer shall issue a citation to any person who fails to display evidence of financial security upon such demand. The law enforcement officer shall attach a copy of the insurance verification form prescribed by the secre- tary of revenue to the copy of the citation forwarded to the court.
No citation shall be issued to any person for failure to provide proof of financial security when evidence of financial security meeting the stan- dards of subsection (e) is displayed upon demand of a law enforcement officer. Whenever the authenticity of such evidence is questionable, the law enforcement officer may initiate the preparation of the insurance verification form prescribed by the secretary of revenue by recording information from the evidence of financial security displayed. The officer shall immediately forward the form to the department of revenue, and the department shall proceed with verification in the manner prescribed in the following paragraph. Upon return of a form indicating that insur- ance was not in force on the date indicated on the form, the department shall immediately forward a copy of the form to the law enforcement officer initiating preparation of the form.
(e) Unless the insurance company subsequently submits an insurance verification form indicating that insurance was not in force, no person charged with violating subsections (b), (c) or (d) shall be convicted if such person produces in court, within 20 days of the date of arrest or of issu- ance of the citation, evidence of financial security for the motor vehicle operated, which was valid at the time of arrest or of issuance of the ci- tation. For the purpose of this subsection, evidence of financial security shall be provided by a policy of motor vehicle liability insurance, an iden- tification card or certificate of insurance issued to the policyholder by the insurer which provides the name of the insurer, the policy number and the effective and expiration dates of the policy, or a certificate of self- insurance signed by the commissioner of insurance. Upon the production in court of evidence of financial security, the court shall record the in- formation displayed thereon on the insurance verification form prescribed by the secretary of revenue, immediately forward such form to the de- partment of revenue, and stay any further proceedings on the matter pending a request from the prosecuting attorney that the matter be set for trial. Upon receipt of such form the department shall mail the form to the named insurance company for verification that insurance was in force on the date indicated on the form. It shall be the duty of insurance companies to notify the department within 30 calendar days of the receipt of such forms of any insurance that was not in force on the date specified. Upon return of any form to the department indicating that insurance was not in force on such date, the department shall immediately forward a copy of such form to the office of the prosecuting attorney or the city clerk of the municipality in which such prosecution is pending when the prosecuting attorney is not ascertainable. Receipt of any completed form indicating that insurance was not in effect on the date specified shall be prima facie evidence of failure to provide proof of financial security and violation of this section. A request that the matter be set for trial shall be made immediately following the receipt by the prosecuting attorney of a copy of the form from the department of revenue indicating that insur- ance was not in force. Any charge of violating subsection (b), (c) or (d) shall be dismissed if no request for a trial setting has been made within 60 days of the date evidence of financial security was produced in court.
(f) Any person in whose name more than 25 motor vehicles are
reg- istered in Kansas may qualify as a self-insurer by obtaining a
certificate of self-insurance from the commissioner of insurance.
The certificate of self-insurance issued by the commissioner shall
cover such owned vehi- cles and those vehicles, registered in
Kansas, leased to such person if the lease agreement requires that
motor vehicle liability insurance on the vehicles be provided by
the lessee. Upon application of any such person, the commissioner
of insurance may issue a certificate of self-insurance, if the
commissioner is satisfied that such person is possessed and will
continue to be possessed of ability to pay any
obtained liability imposed by law against such
person arising out of the ownership, oper- ation, maintenance or
use of any motor vehicle described in this subsec- tion. A
self-insurer shall provide liability coverage subject to the provi-
sions of subsection (e) of K.S.A. 40-3107, and amendments thereto,
arising out of the ownership, operation, maintenance or use of a
self-insured motor vehicle in those instances where the lessee or
the rental driver, if not the lessee, does not have a motor vehicle
liability insurance policy or insurance coverage pursuant to a
motor vehicle liability insurance policy or certificate of
insurance or such insurance policy for such leased or rented
vehicle. Such liability coverage shall be provided to any person
operating a self-insured motor vehicle with the expressed or
implied con- sent of the self-insurer.
Upon notice and a hearing in accordance with the provisions of
the Kansas administrative procedure act, the commissioner of
insurance may cancel a certificate of self-insurance upon
reasonable grounds. Failure to
pay any judgment against a
self-insurer, provide liability coverage or per- sonal
injury protection benefits required by K.S.A. 40-3107 and 40-3109,
and amendments thereto, or pay any liability imposed by law
arising out of the ownership, operation, maintenance or use of a
motor vehicle reg- istered in such self-insurer's name,
within 30 days after such judgment shall have become
final, or to otherwise comply with the requirements of
this subsection shall constitute reasonable grounds for the
cancellation of a certificate of self-insurance. Reasonable
grounds shall not exist unless such objectionable activity occurs
with such frequency as to indicate a general business
Self-insureds shall investigate claims in a reasonably prompt manner, handle such claims in a reasonable manner based on available information and effectuate prompt, fair and equitable settlement of claims in which liability has become reasonably clear.
As used in this subsection, ``liability imposed by law'' means the stated limits of liability as provided under subsection (e) of K.S.A. 40-3107, and amendments thereto.
Nothing in this subsection shall preclude a self-insurer from pursuing all rights of subrogation against another person or persons.
(g) (1) Any person violating any provision of this section shall be guilty of a class B misdemeanor and shall be subject to a fine of not less than $200 nor more than $1,000 or confinement in the county jail for a term of not more than six months, or both such fine and confinement.
(2) Any person convicted of violating any provision of this section within three years of any such prior conviction shall be guilty of a class A misdemeanor.
(h) In addition to any other penalties provided by this act for failure to have or maintain financial security in effect, the director, upon receipt of a report required by K.S.A. 8-1607 or 8-1611, and amendments thereto, or a denial of such insurance by the insurance company listed on the form prescribed by the secretary of revenue pursuant to subsection (d) of this section, shall, upon notice and hearing as provided by K.S.A. 40-3118, and amendments thereto, suspend:
(1) The license of each driver in any manner involved in the accident;
(2) the license of the owner of each motor vehicle involved in such accident, unless the vehicle was stolen at the time of the accident, proof of which must be established by the owner of the motor vehicle. Theft by a member of the vehicle owner's immediate family under the age of 18 years shall not constitute a stolen vehicle for the purposes of this section;
(3) the registrations of all vehicles owned by the owner of each motor vehicle involved in such accident;
(4) if the driver is a nonresident, the privilege of operating a motor vehicle within this state; or
(5) if such owner is a nonresident, the privilege of such owner to operate or permit the operation within this state of any motor vehicle owned by such owner.
(i) The suspension requirements in subsection (h) shall not apply:
(1) To the driver or owner if the owner had in effect at the time of the accident an automobile liability policy as required by K.S.A. 40-3107, and amendments thereto, with respect to the vehicle involved in the ac- cident;
(2) to the driver, if not the owner of the vehicle involved in the ac- cident, if there was in effect at the time of the accident an automobile liability policy with respect to such driver's driving of vehicles not owned by such driver;
(3) to any self-insurer as defined by subsection (u) of K.S.A. 40-3103, and amendments thereto;
(4) to the driver or owner of any vehicle involved in the accident which was exempt from the provisions of this act pursuant to K.S.A. 40- 3105, and amendments thereto;
(5) to the owner of a vehicle described in subsection (a)(2).
(j) For the purposes of provisions (1) and (2) of subsection (i) of this section, the director may require verification by an owner's or driver's insurance company or agent thereof that there was in effect at the time of the accident an automobile liability policy as required in this act.
Any suspension effected hereunder shall remain in effect until satis- factory proof of financial security has been filed with the director as re- quired by subsection (d) of K.S.A. 40-3118, and amendments thereto, and such person has been released from liability or is a party to an action to determine liability pursuant to which the court temporarily stays such suspension pending final disposition of such action, has entered into an agreement for the payment of damages, or has been finally adjudicated not to be liable in respect to such accident and evidence of any such fact has been filed with the director and has paid the reinstatement fee herein prescribed. Such reinstatement fee shall be $25 except that if the regis- tration of a motor vehicle of any owner is suspended within one year following a prior suspension of the registration of a motor vehicle of such owner under the provisions of this act such fee shall be $75.
(k) The provisions of this section shall not apply to motor carriers of property or passengers regulated by the corporation commission of the state of Kansas.
(l) The provisions of subsection (d) shall not apply to vehicle dealers, as defined in K.S.A. 8-2401, and amendments thereto, for vehicles being offered for sale by such dealers.
Sec. 2. K.S.A. 1995 Supp. 40-3104 is hereby repealed.
Sec. 3. This act shall take effect and be in force from and after its publication in the statute book.
Approved March 22, 1996.