200 1997 Session Laws of Kansas Ch. 63
An Act concerning agricultural seeds; relating to the
registration of seed conditioners;
concerning seed varieties; amending K.S.A. 2-1415, 2-1421 and 2-1421a and repealing
the existing sections.
Be it enacted by the Legislature of the State of
Section 1. K.S.A. 2-1415 is hereby amended to read as follows:
1415. As used in this act:
(a) ``Agricultural seed'' means the seed of grass, legume,
real and fiber crops, or mixtures thereof, but shall not include horticul-
(b) ``Person'' means any individual, member of a partnership,
poration, agents, brokers, company, association or society.
(c) ``Conditioned'' means cleaned, or cleaned and blended, to
Ch. 63 1997 Session Laws of Kansas 201
the requirements of agricultural seed for the purpose of being
(d) ``Kind'' means one or more related species or subspecies
singly or collectively is known by one common name, and includes, among
others, wheat, oat, vetch, sweet clover and alfalfa.
(e) ``Variety'' means a subdivision of a kind, which is
growth, yield, plant, fruit, seed or other characteristics by which it can be
differentiated from other plants of the same kind.
(f) ``Hard seed'' means the seeds which because of hardness or
permeability do not absorb moisture or germinate under seed testing
(g) ``Label'' means the statements written, printed, stenciled
erwise displayed upon, or attached to, the container of agricultural seed,
and includes other written, printed, stenciled or graphic representations,
in any form whatsoever, pertaining to any agricultural seed, whether in
bulk or in containers, and includes declarations and affidavits.
(h) ``Secretary'' means the secretary of
the state board
(i) ``Weed seed'' means the seeds of plants considered weeds in
state and includes noxious weed seed and restricted weed seed, deter-
mined by methods established by rule and regulation under this act.
(j) ``Noxious weed seed'' means the seed of Kudzu (Pueraria
field bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis), Russian knapweed (Centaurea re-
pens), hoary cress (Cardaria draba), Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense),
leafy spurge (Euphorbia esula), quackgrass (Agropyron repens), bur rag-
weed (Ambrosia grayii), pignut (Indian rushpea) (Hoffmannseggia den-
siflora), Texas blueweed (Helianthus ciliaris), Johnson grass (Sorghum
halepense), sorghum almum, and any plant the seed of which cannot be
distinguished from Johnson grass, and musk (nodding) thistle (Carduus
(k) ``Restricted weed seed'' means weed seeds or bulblets which
not be present in agricultural seed at a rate per pound in excess of the
number shown following the name of each weed seed: Silverleaf night-
shade (Solanum elaeagnifolium) 45, horsenettle, bullnettle (Solanum car-
olinense) 45, dock (Rumex spp.) 45, oxeye daisy (Chrysanthemum leucan-
themum) 45, perennial sowthistle (Sonchum arvensis) 45, giant foxtail
(Setaria faberi) 45, cheat (Bromus secalinus) 45, hairy chess (Bromus
commutatus) 45, buckthorn plantain (Plantago lanceolata) 45, wild onion
or garlic (Allium spp.) 18, charlock (Sinapsis arvensis) 18, wild mustards
(Brassica spp.) 18, treacle (Erysimum spp.) 18, wild carrot (Daucus car-
ota) 18, morning glory and purple moonflower (Ipomoea spp.) 18, hedge
bindweed (Calystegia spp., syn. Convolvulus sepium) 18, dodder (Cus-
cuta spp.) 18, except lespedeza seed which may contain 45 dodder per
pound, pennycress, fanweed (Thlaspi arvense) 18, wild oats (Avena fatua)
9, climbing milkweed, sandvine (Cynanchum laeve, syn. Gonolobus lae-
vis) 9, jointed goatgrass (Aegilops cylindrica) 9, black nightshade complex
202 1997 Session Laws of Kansas Ch. 63
(Solanum ptycanthum, S. americanum, S. sarrachoides, S.
S. interius) 9, wild buckwheat, black bindweed (Polygonum convolvulus)
9, velvetleaf, butterprint (Abutilon theophrasti) 9, and cocklebur (Xan-
thium spp.) 9. The total number of the restricted weed seed shall not
exceed 90 per pound except native grass, smooth bromegrass, tall fescue,
wheatgrasses and lespedeza shall not exceed 150 per pound. In smooth
bromegrass, fescues, orchard grass, wheatgrasses, and chaffy range
grasses, hairy chess or cheat shall not exceed 2,500 per pound. For the
purposes of this section the following weedy Bromus spp. shall be con-
sidered as common weeds and collectively referred to as ``chess'': Japa-
nese chess (Bromus japonicus), soft chess (Bromus mollis) and field chess
(l) ``Advertisement'' means all representations, other than
the label, disseminated in any manner, or by any means, relating to ag-
(m) ``Record'' means all information relating to any shipment of
ricultural seed and includes a file sample of each lot of such seed.
(n) ``Stop sale order'' means an administrative order,
law, restraining the sale, use, disposition and movement of a definite
amount of agricultural seed.
(o) ``Seizure'' means a legal process, issued by court order,
definite amount of agricultural seed.
(p) ``Lot'' means a definite quantity of agricultural seed,
a lot number or other mark, every portion or bag of which is uniform,
within recognized tolerances for the factors which appear in the labeling.
(q) ``Germination'' means the percentage of seeds capable of
ducing normal seedlings under ordinarily favorable conditions, in accor-
dance with the methods established by rule and regulation under this act.
(r) ``Pure seed'' means the kind of seed declared on the label,
sive of inert matter, other agricultural or other crop seeds and weed seeds.
(s) ``Inert matter'' means all matter not seeds, and as
termined by rules and regulations under this act.
(t) ``Other agricultural seeds or other crop seeds'' means seeds
agricultural seeds other than those included in the percentage or per-
centages of kind or variety and includes collectively all kinds and varieties
not named on the label.
(u) ``Hybrid'' means the first generation seed of a cross
controlling the pollination and by combining (1) two or more inbred lines,
(2) one inbred or a single cross with an open pollinated variety, or (3) two
varieties or species, other than open pollinated varieties of corn (Zea
mays). Hybrid shall not include the second generation or subsequent
generations from such crosses. Hybrid designations shall be treated as
variety names. Controlling the pollination means to use a method of hy-
bridization which will produce pure seed which is 75% or more hybrid.
(v) ``Type'' means a group of varieties so nearly similar that
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dividual varieties cannot be clearly differentiated except under
(w) ``Treated'' means that the seed has received an application
substance or process which is designed to reduce, control or repel certain
disease organisms, insects or other pests attacking such seeds or seedlings
growing therefrom and includes an application of a substance or process
designed to increase seedling vigor.
(x) ``Tested seed'' means that a representative sample of the
agricultural seed in question has been subjected to examination and its
character as to purity and germination has been determined.
(y) ``Native grass seed'' means the seeds of aboriginal or
(z) ``Chaffy range grasses'' shall include Bluestems, Gramas,
Indian grass, wild rye grasses, buffalo grass and prairie cord grass.
(aa) ``Certified seed'' means any class of pedigreed seed or
for which a certificate of inspection has been issued by an official seed
(bb) ``Certifying agency'' means: (1) an agency which is
under the laws of a state, territory or possession to officially certify seed
and which has standards and procedures approved by the secretary of
agriculture of the United States department of agriculture to assure the
genetic purity and identity of the seed certified; or (2) an agency of a
foreign country which is determined by the secretary of agriculture of the
United States department of agriculture to be an agency which adheres
to procedures and standards for seed certification comparable to those
adhered to generally by seed certifying agencies under clause (1) of this
(cc) ``Blend'' means two or more varieties of the same kind each
excess of 5% of the whole.
(dd) ``Mixture'' means a combination of seed consisting of more
one kind each in excess of 5% of the whole.
(ee) ``Brand'' means a term or mark that is proprietary in
whether or not it is a registered or copyrighted term or mark.
(ff) ``Commercial means'' shall include all forms of advertising
which a person must pay another for the dissemination or distribution of
(gg) ``Horticultural seeds'' means those seeds generally
vegetable, fruit, flowers, tree and shrub and grown in gardens or on truck
(hh) ``Grower of agricultural seed'' means an individual whose
mary occupation is farming and offers, exposes or sells agricultural seed
of such individual's own growing without the use of a common carrier or
a third party as an agent or broker. Seed shall be in compliance with
noxious and restricted weed seed requirements and may advertise if the
advertisement specifically states variety, bin run and if tested.
204 1997 Session Laws of Kansas Ch. 63
(ii) ``Wholesaler'' means any person who is in the business
agricultural seed at wholesale to any person other than the end user.
(jj) ``Retailer'' means any person who sells agricultural seed
(kk) ``Seed conditioner'' means any person who is in the
cleaning seed for a fee or compensation.
Sec. 2. K.S.A. 2-1421 is hereby amended to read as follows:
(a) It is unlawful for any person to sell, offer for sale, expose for sale or
advertise by commercial means any agricultural seed for seeding pur-
poses: (1) Unless a test has been made to determine the percentage of
germination and it shall have been completed within a nine-month period
(exclusive of the calendar month in which the test was completed) im-
mediately prior to sale, exposure for sale or offering for sale;
(2) which is not labeled in accordance with the provisions of
(3) which has a false, misleading or incomplete label;
(4) which contains noxious weed seeds;
(5) which contains restricted weed seeds in excess of the
prescribed by subsection (k) of K.S.A. 2-1415, and amendments thereto;
(6) which contains more than 1% of weed seeds by weight,
smooth bromegrass, fescues, orchard grass, wheatgrasses, and lespedeza
which contain more than 2% weed seed by weight and chaffy range
grasses which contain more than 4% by weight;
(7) if any label, advertisement or other media represents such
cultural seed to be certified or registered, unless: (A) Such certification
or registration has been determined by an official seed certifying agency;
and (B) such seed bears an official label issued for such seed by such
agency stating that the seed is certified or registered;
(8) by variety name not certified by an official seed certifying
when it is a variety for which a certificate of plant variety protection has
been issued under
public law 91-577, the plant
variety protection act, as
amended, and as in effect on July 1, 1997, specifying sale only as a class
of certified seed, except that seed from a certified lot may be labeled as
to variety name when used in a mixture by, or with the approval of, the
owner of the variety;
(9) without having registered with the secretary as required by
2-1421a, and amendments thereto.
(b) It is unlawful for any person:
(1) To alter or deface any label so that the information is
misleading or to mutilate any label;
(2) to disseminate any false or misleading advertisements
(3) to issue any statement, invoice or declaration as to the
any agricultural seed which is false or misleading;
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(4) to hinder or obstruct the secretary or an authorized
of the secretary in the performance of official duties;
(5) to fail to comply with a stop sale order, or to move or
handle or dispose of any quantity of seed held under a stop sale order,
or a stop sale tag attached thereto, except with express permission of the
enforcing officer in writing and except for the purpose specified therein;
(6) to use the word ``trace'' as a substitute for any statement
(7) to use the word ``type'' in any labeling in connection with
of any agricultural seed variety.
(c) Except as provided in subsection (a)(8), it shall not be a
of this act for the grower of agricultural seed to
(1) sell, offer or expose
for sale for planting or seeding purposes agricultural seed which has not
been tested and labeled when the agricultural seed:
(A) (1) Has been grown on the grower's
premises; (B) (2) is free from noxious weed seed;
and (C) (3) does not contain any restricted
weed seed in excess of the
quantity prescribed by subsection (k) of K.S.A. 2-1415, and amendments
thereto. Agricultural seed sold pursuant to this exemption shall not be
advertised by commercial means unless such advertisement specifically
states such agricultural seed is bin run or whether such seed has been
Sec. 3. K.S.A. 2-1421a is hereby amended to read as follows:
1421a. (a) (1) Each wholesaler shall register with the secretary and shall
pay a registration fee not to exceed $300. The current wholesale regis-
tration fee is hereby set at $175 and shall remain at that amount until
changed by rules and regulations of the
state board of
(2) Each retailer shall register with the secretary and shall
pay a reg-
istration fee not to exceed $30. The current retailer registration fee is
hereby set at $10 and shall remain at that amount until changed by rules
and regulations of the
state board of agriculture
(3) Registration shall be required for each place of business at
agricultural seed is sold, offered or exposed for sale by the wholesaler or
(4) An individual who conducts a wholesaler and retailer
the same location shall be required to register as both a wholesaler and
(b) Application for registration shall be made on a form
the secretary. Each registration for a wholesaler or retailer shall expire
on August 31 following the date of issuance unless such registration is
(c) Each seed conditioner shall register with the secretary.
conditioner registration shall require no registration fee and shall be a
206 1997 Session Laws of Kansas Ch. 63
biennial registration. Any seed conditioner who is ceasing to
as a seed conditioner shall notify the department of agriculture within 30
days of ceasing to do business.
(d) As used in this section, ``agricultural seed'' shall
when sold as such, or when sold according to grain standards and the
seller knows, or has reason to know, that the grain is to be used for seeding
or planting purposes.
(d) (e) The state board of
agriculture secretary shall remit all moneys
received under this section to the state treasurer at least monthly. Upon
receipt of any such remittance, the state treasurer shall deposit the entire
amount thereof in the agricultural seed fee fund which is hereby created.
All expenditures from such fund shall be made in accordance with ap-
propriation acts upon warrants of the director of accounts and reports
issued pursuant to vouchers approved by the secretary
the state board or a person or persons designated by the
(e) (f) All moneys credited to the
agricultural seed fee fund shall be
expended for any purpose consistent with the Kansas seed law.
(f) (g) The state board of
agriculture secretary may adopt rules and
regulations necessary to administer the provisions of this act.
(g) (h) This section shall be part of
and supplemental to the Kansas
seed law, K.S.A. 2-1415 et seq., and amendments thereto.
Sec. 4. K.S.A. 2-1415, 2-1421 and 2-1421a are hereby
Sec. 5. This act shall take effect and be in force from and
publication in the statute book.
Approved April 4, 1997.